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The Grand Review held May 18, 1865 to celebrate the Union's victory. Mount Sterling's Co. G 113th O.V.I. participated in front of President Andrew Johnson. They mustered out shortly thereafter and returned home to Mount Sterling.

Mount Sterling and The Civil War

Compiled by Mary Lou Stiverson

Lives of great men all remind us we can make our lives sublime,
And, departing, leave behind us footprints on the sands of time.....Longfellow
The following project was taken from The History of Madison County -1882. Individual's information was garnered from official Civil War rosters. Burials for GAR came from monument markers. Many Civil War veterans buried locally may not have an individual GAR marker. Therefore, their names aren't shown in this project.
This project is dedicated to my Great-great Grandfathers who proudly served the Union:
1. Mr. David Romine, Pvt. Co D of the 140th Regt. Ohio Infantry National Guard.
2. Mr. Hiram Washington Mutchler, Pvt. Co D of the 140th Regt. Ohio Infantry National Guard.
3. Mr. Christian Dress, Sgt. of Co B of the 10th Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry.
4. Mr. Elias Wilson Gilbert, Pvt. Co G of the 93rd Regiment Ohio Volunteer Infantry.
While researching this project it was found that Christian Dress and Elias Wilson Gilbert served valiantly beside Mt. Sterling's 113th Regt. Co G, throughout the war......Mary Lou Stiverson
A formal demand to Maj. Anderson to surrender Ft. Sumpter was made by Gen. Beauregard and Maj. Anderson wouldn't consent. Life for our country would be changed forever. The signal shot of the Civil War was fired from Ft. Johnson's mortar battery at 4:30 A.M. on April 12, 1861. Boys and men who took up the Union cause did so willingly and with great haste. Our finest men, young and old, joined the fray.
In this presentation you'll find Civil War veterans from the cemeteries of Pleasant, Yankeetown, Waterloo, Cook and Baldwin. Other local, marked, GAR burials will be added as found.
Many local GAR stones represent service in Co G of the 113th OVI. The Regt. was organized at Mt. Sterling with volunteers from Madison, Fayette and Pickaway Counties. They formed at Camp Chase, OH in 8/1862 as infantry comprised of 7 companies. They were ordered to Louisville, KY, 12/1862. They were sent to Nashville, TN. Due to overcrowded transportation, disease flourished among them. When well enough, they moved to Franklin, TN to Gen. C.C. Gilbert's division. They were in many expeditions against the enemy and built an extensive line of fortifications. They formed the right wing of the Army of the Cumberland. They saw action in the Chattanooga campaign and suffered terribly. They proceeded over the mountains to the infamous battle of Chickamauga where they lost 138 officers and men from the group of 382. They moved on to Knoxville, TN and continued to Chattanooga where they arrived 12/1863. They had marched without enough clothing, blankets, overcoats and many without shoes. They set up winter quarters just south of Chattanooga. They suffered greatly from lack of warmth and shelter. They moved on to the infamous Atlanta campaign in May,1864. Other terrible conflicts endured: Buzzard's Gap; Resaca; Kenesaw Mt.; Peach Tree Creek; Jonesboro; Louisville, GA; Averysboro, NC and Bentonville, NC. They saw constant warfare. They then joined the historically well-known March to the Sea with Sherman. They fought in Savannah and took their campaign of destruction to the Carolinas. Severe hand-to-hand fighting took place in Bentonville, NC which was their last battle. They went from Bentonville to Washington D.C. and participated in the Grand Review for President Lincoln. From there they went to Louisville, KY and mustered out July 6, 1865 and were discharged at Columbus, OH.

The following is a list of the 113th listed as correctly as the old material provided:
OFFICERS: Capt. Harrison Z. Adams*1st Lt. Alvan L. Messmore* 2nd Lt. Julius C. Bostwick*2nd Lt. James Coultis. SERGEANTS: Hiram C. Tipton, killed at Kenesaw Mt.* Abram Dennison, killed at Chickamauga* John W. Ingrim buried Pleasant Cem.* Edward Crouse. CORPORALS: David Mitchell* killed at Chickamaugh* Clark S. White wounded & captured Chickamauga* Atlas W. Davis* John W. Riggen buried Pleasant Cem* John W. Beale* John A. Smith* Otho W. Loofbourrow Pleasant Cem. and Josiah Timmons. PRIVATES: Abernathy, James S. Pleasant Cem.* Alkire, John W. Pleasant Cem.* Anderson, Daniel W.* Baker, James A. contractor and mason in Mt. Sterling*Belt, James*Belt, Elnathan*Bishop, John J.*Blaine, Edward*Bosler, Augustus*Bostwick, William Pleasant Cem*Bostwick, Benjamin Waterloo Cem*Bragg, Alexander E. *Briley, Herrick B.* Braskett, William H.*Burcus, Rufus*Burget, Andrew*Busick, Samuel*Chaffin, Jeremiah C.*Clifton, Thomas*Cook, John I.*Cooksey, James*Crabbe, John M. Pleasant Cem*Creath, John M.*Creath, Wiley Pleasant Cem*Davis, Wilson S.*Defebaugh, William*Delenger, Winfield S.*Dennison, Griffin*Dennison, John W.*Deyo, Edson wounded at Chickamaugh*Deyo, Jonas*England, Titus*Ephart, August*Ford, Joseph Pleasant Cem*Ford, Robert Pleasant Cem*Foster, Jacob*Foster, Robert*Gardner, James F.*Gillenwaters, Henry*Girrard, Perry*Gray, James*Griffin, Lewis*Hagans, Harry*Hanawalt, William B. died from wounds at Chickamauga at age 24*Harness, John W. enlisted at 21*Hartinger, George*Hays, James*Hays, Thomas*Hissong, David*Holloway, James W. enlisted age 19*Hoover, Samuel*Hunt, William H. enlisted at 15, became POW 9/20/1863 at Chickamauga and died at Andersonville prison from dysentery and buried in grave #3420*Irving, John*Ivy, Alfred enlisted at 26, disability discharge 5/16/1863 Pleasant Cem*Kaneaster, Charles W.*Keller, Benjamin O. enlisted 25, Pleasant Cem*Lake, John A.*Leonard, Martin enlisted at 21*Loofbourrow, Otho W. Pleasant Cem*Lowe, Jesse*Maddux, David*Matlock, Nehemiah*McCarty, Andrew*McCarty, Joseph*McClean, Robert H. enlisted at 36*McIntire, Zero enlisted at 19*Miller, Andrew enlisted at 23, wounded 9/20/1863 Chickamauga and died 11/15/1863 Nashville, TN*Miller, Daniel D. enlisted at 21, died 3/23/1863, Nashville, TN, Pleasant Cem*Miller, Richard*Mitchell, Andrew enlisted at 19, made POW 9/20/1863 at Chickamauga*Morgan, Anthony S. at 22, Pleasant Cem*Morgan, William M. enlisted at 18, wounded 9/20/1863 Chickamauga*Neff, George M. enlisted at 31*Nigh, Otho W. enlisted at 19, died of wounds 2/7/1864 Murfreesboro, TN*Noland, Thomas*O'Day, John Pleasant Cem*Parker, Ephriam Pleasant Cem.*Peterson, Thomas died at Andersonville 8/30/1864 of wounds*Riggin, Harrison enlisted at 22, Pleasant Cem*Riggin, James L. enlisted at 24, died 6/27/1863, Nashville, TN*Riggin, Jeremiah J. enlisted at 45, buried at Waterloo-Riggin, J.W. enlisted at 19, Pleasant Cem*Roby, Elijah enlisted at 43*Roby, Jerome L.*Rogers, John W. enlisted at 19, Pleasant Cem*Rosendale, Charles enlisted at 28, died 6/1/1864 Big Shanty, GA*Sawtell, Gibson*Seigle, Jacob*Sheeders, James J. enlisted at 30, Pleasant Cem*Sheets, Elias enlisted at 19*Shumlefle, Henry*Smith, Merrill*Smith, Thomas*Smith, Thornton enlisted at 20*Smith, William H.*Southard, John enlisted at 19, Pleasant Cem*Stone, Sampson M.*Strain, Harvey*Strawbridge, Henry enlisted at 23*Suver, Hezekiah*Talbert, Andrew A. killed 12/1864 Savannah, GA*Tammage, James A.*Tammage, William S. Pleasant Cem*Taynor, Alexander*Thomas, Creighton enlisted at 36*Thomas, Levi enlisted at 29, killed 7/19/1864 Peach Tree Creek, GA*Thornton, Samuel killed 11/1863 Chattonooga at age 36*Timmons, Isaac killed 4/1863 Nashville at 19*Timmons, Josiah*Timmons, William H.*Trimble, Abram*Walker, Samuel*Wickell, Francis A. enlisted at 19, Pleasant Cem*Williamson, Charles enlisted at 44*Wright, Abraham enlisted at 19*Young, Frederick enlisted at 21 (born in Germany 1813).

Local Black Civil War Veterans

During the summer of 1862, Congress was facing a shortage of Federal troops. They passed the Confiscation Act authorizing President Lincoln to use escaped slaves to fight for the Union cause. The Act further allowed the drafting of the African-Americans for any military or naval service where needed. The President called for a full-scale recruitment of these men and the three great African-American leaders of the day, Martin Robison Delany, John Mercer Langston and Frederick Douglass set out to sign up entire black regiments for the Federal armies. The three men traveled extensively for recruitment. Many of those they recruited enlisted and became the Massachusetts 54th and 55th units. The three then recruited heavily for regiments that were established in Ohio, Pennsylvania, Connecticut and other states. Their recruiting gave the Federal Army about 10% of all who wore the blue during the Civil War.

A few black officers were commissioned in state regiments but the Federal War Department didn't okay these appointments until the last year of the war. The majority of these men served as noncombatants but a number of all-African-American regiments saw combat action. These units participated in more than 33 major battles. Many Yankees were moved to support the African-American soldier by the desire to gain commissions for themselves in those units.

Racially, the Northern Army was predominately white. African-Americans numbered about 187,000 according to muster rolls. About 135,000 of these came from slave states but northern states contributed the most.

By August, 1863, there were 14 African-American regiments serving with the Union Army and 24 regiments being formed. The Federal Government awarded at least 21 of these brave soldiers its newly created Medal of Honor.

One of these brave men was William H. Steptoe. He was from Pleasant Township in Madison County, OH. He served proudly with Co H of the 27th United States Colored Troops (USCT), enlisting May 12, 1864 at the age of 28. He mustered out September 21, 1865 and returned to Pleasant Twp. and his family.

Dyer's Compendium shows the following about the 27th USCT: Col., Albert M. Blackman; Lt. Col. John W. Donnellon; Majors William G. Neilson, Matthew R. Mitchell. This regiment was organized at Camp Delaware from January 16 to August 6, 1864, to serve three years. Shortly after mustering in they were ordered to Camp Casey in Washington D.C. They were on garrison duty there for awhile. They were ordered to City Point and Petersburg, VA and distinguished themselves for unsurpassed gallantry and good conduct upon the battlefield. They then fought at Chaffin's farm and the Weldon railroad with great bravery. They were then sent to North Carolina for garrison and other duties in an around Fort Fisher, Wilmington, Goldsboro and Raleigh. The 27th did heroic service, won the confidence and approval of its superior officers and after as honorable service as any of the regiments, it mustered out September 21, 1865 at Smithville, N.C. Major battles were Petersburg, Fair Oaks and Hatcher's Run, VA. The roll of honor shows 18 killed in action and 149 died in hospital of disease or wounds received in battle.

William Steptoe married Nancy Austin in Ross Co., OH on October 15, 1866. He died of old age April 27, 1913 in Mt. Sterling, OH, aged 76. His Civil War pension record lists his widow as Nancy. William and Nancy Steptoe are buried in Pleasant Cemetery. He's in sect. 7, lot 46, space 6 and Nancy is in sect. 7, lot 46, space 5. Buried in this same lot, space 7, is, no doubt, a daughter Jeany who died June 14, 1904 in Mt. Sterling at the age of 16 of consumption. Nancy Steptoe died September 14, 1921, age about 75, of liver cancer.

The 1920 Ohio Census shows Nancy, age 75, born in OH, housekeeper at home, living on the Columbus Pike, Pleasant Twp. A boarder, Henry Seward age 26, born in VA was living with her.

The other verifiable veteran of the USCT buried at Pleasant Cemetery is Horace D Seward. His Civil War service record also shows the surname spelling as Soward. Mr. Seward was born in Virginia about 1827. His enlistment date wasn't found but his GAR stone is marked Pvt., Co B 5th USCT.

According to Dyer's Compendium, the 5th Regiment of the USCT formed at Camp Delaware, OH during August to November of 1863. They moved to Norfolk, VA and were attached to United States Forces of Norfolk and Portsmouth, VA, Department of Virginia and North Carolina until January of 1864. In addition to duty in Norfolk and Portsmouth they were a part of Wild's Expedition to South Mills and Camden Court House, NC, December 5-24 of 1863. They saw action at Sandy Swamp, NC, December 8. They moved to Yorktown, VA, January until May of 1864. They were an expedition to New Kent Court House to aid Kilpatrick's Cavalry March 1-4. They continued into King and Queen counties March 9th through 12th . They went further into Matthews and Middlesex counties March 17th through 21st. They were part of Butler's operations on the south side of the James River and against Petersburg and Richmond May 4 through June 15. They aided in the capture of City Point on May 4. Then they took fatigue duty at City Point and near the Appomattox River until June 15th. They attacked Fort Converse May 20th. They stood at Petersburg June 15-18 and at Bailor's farm June 15th. They were involved in siege operations against Petersburg and Richmond June 16th to December 6th. They were in the trenches before Petersburg till August 27. They moved to Deep Bottom August 28th. From September 28--30 they were in the battle of Chaffin's farm and New Market Heights. On September 29 they fought at Fort Harrison. They served in the battle of Fair Oaks October 27th and 28th. They were in the trenches before Richmond till December. There was an expedition to Fort Fisher, NC January 7--15 where they assaulted and captured the fort January 15th. They fought at Sugar Loaf Hill January 19th, Federal Point on February 11th, Fort Anderson February 18th to 20th and captured Wilmington February 22nd. They moved on to Northeast Ferry February 22nd. They served in the campaign of the Carolinas from March 1st through April 26. They advanced on Kinston and Goldsboro March 6--21. They occupied Goldsboro March 21st. They saw action at Cox's Bridge March 23rd and 24th. They advanced on Raleigh April 9--14. They occupied Raleigh April 14th and Bennett's House April 26th. They saw the surrender of Johnston and his army. Their later duty was a Goldsboro, New Berne and Carolina City, NC, until September. They mustered out September 20, 1865. During their tour of service 4 officers and 77 enlisted men were killed and mortally wounded. 2 officers and 166 enlisted men died by disease.

The 1880 Census of Ohio, Madison Co., Pleasant Twp. shows Mr. Seward, age 53, farm laborer living with wife Martha, age 53, born in Kentucky, occupation: housekeeper, at home. Living with them was Edward Seward, nephew, age 26, born in Ohio whose occupation was farm laborer.

Horace D. Seward's death date is unknown but he's buried in Pleasant Cemetery sect. 6, lot 40, space 10. His wife Martha died in Orient, OH, December 1, 1906 at age 73. She lies in the same section and lot in space 9, next to Horace. Also buried in the same lot and section but in unknown space is Stanley Seward who died in Columbus March 25, 1930 at 40 years from heart disease. Burial location would indicate relationship but what it was is unknown.

Information came from National Archives, Civil War muster and pension rolls, census listings and cemetery burial records.

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